GORNA PORTA

The necropolis of the ancient city of Lychnidos is comprised of burials discovered on several points in the Old Town Ohrid, among which “Gorna Porta” holds the central place. This complex is located alongside the Northern Wall of the Ohrid Fortress, right next to its main entrance, named Gorna Porta (Upper Gate), which gave the site its name. 147 graves were discovered on this area, placed in the chronological timeline starting from the 6th century BC until the 2nd century BC, among which Grave 132 is particularly singled out. 
The burial construction is a pit grave with irregular rectangular shape, dug into the rock and enclosed with stones. The outer dimensions of the burial construction are 3,10 х 2,70 m, while the inner dimensions (of the pit itself) are 2,35 х 0,90 m. The orientation is northwest-southeast.
Most likely two people were interred in the grave, with cremation being the burial rite, while the grave goods (a total of 39 objects made of gold, silver, bronze, ceramics, glass and amber) were placed around the centrally positioned funerary mask.

The grave goods speak for themselves about the power and the trade relations that this aristocracy had with the neighboring communities, as well about the autochthonous achievements and artistic taste of the artisans that have displayed the symbiosis of the eschatological outlooks of the inhabitants of the pre-urban  Lychnidos. This community alongside the aristocracy from Trebenište was in close relations with the rich aristocratic circles of their time from Petilep (Beranci), Sindos (Thessaloniki) and Archontiko (Pella).
 

Map of the necropolises near Gorna Porta, Ohrid and Trebenište. (Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).
Archaic graves,
Gorna Porta, Ohrid
(Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).
Complex Gorna Porta
PLAN 1
Plan for Grave 132, Gorna Porta. (Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).
In-situ detail from Grave 132. (Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).
In-situ detail from Grave 132. (Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).
In-situ detail from Grave 132. (Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).
A team of excavations at Gorna Porta, 2002, managed by Pasko Kuzman.
Funerary mask
Gold
W – 17.2 cm;
H – 15.5 cm;
T – 0.01 cm;
W – 21.24 g
Early 5th c. B
Plate in the shape of a hand with a hoop ring Gold
L – 15.8 cm;
W – 8.7 cm;
T – 0.01 cm;
W – 10.88 g
Early 5th c. BC
Museum Ohrid
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Archaic graves, Gorna Porta, Ohrid (Archives of the Institute and Museum Ohrid).